The preparation was made for Paul’s trial (25:1–5). Festus (25:1) became procurator at a time of considerable unrest including a breakdown in law and order. His visit to Jerusalem, the religious capital of Judea, was intended to placate the Jews. While in Jerusalem, the Jewish leaders sought to reopen Paul’s case. At the Jews’ request, Festus prepared to try Paul (25:6). Festus did not want to alienate the Jewish population of Judea and sought to make concessions to those who accused Paul (25:9). The “appeal to Caesar” (25:11) was one of the most ancient and cherished rights of a Roman citizen. The right applied only to extraordinary cases, that is, those not specifically defined by statute laws. It was usually used to appeal the verdict of a lower court but could be exercised at any stage in the proceedings. The case would then be transferred to Rome and a verdict rendered by the emperor. This allowed Paul to realize his ambition to witness in Rome. At this time, the ruling Caesar was Nero.